New Patients (410) 514-6553

Current Patients (410) 828-1177

21 West Road Suite 104 Towson, MD 21204

Your Diet and Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a common dental problem affecting millions of people worldwide. While there are many factors that can contribute to the development of gum disease, one often overlooked factor is diet.

Your Diet and Gum Disease

Sugary and Acidic Foods

Consuming sugary and acidic foods and drinks is one of the main ways your diet can contribute to gum disease. Sugars in foods and drinks feed bacteria in the mouth, which produce acid that erodes the tooth enamel and irritates the gums. Acidic foods and drinks can also directly irritate the gums, causing inflammation and damage to the soft tissues.

To reduce your gum disease risk, limiting your consumption of sugary and acidic foods and drinks is important. This includes sugary drinks like soda, fruit juice, acidic foods like citrus fruits, and vinegar-based dressings. Instead, focus on a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

Vitamin Deficiency

Vitamin deficiencies can also contribute to gum disease. Vitamins C and D are particularly important for maintaining healthy gums. Vitamin C helps to strengthen the immune system and promote healing, while vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, which is essential for strong teeth and bones.

If you are not getting enough of these vitamins in your diet, your gums may become weak and susceptible to infection. To increase your intake of these vitamins, try incorporating more citrus fruits, leafy greens, and fortified dairy products into your diet.

Poor Nutrient Absorption

In addition to vitamin deficiencies, poor nutrient absorption can also contribute to gum disease. Conditions like celiac disease can interfere with the body’s ability to absorb nutrients, weakening immune function and increasing inflammation.

If you have a condition that affects nutrient absorption, it is important to work with your healthcare provider to develop a plan to manage your symptoms and ensure you are getting the nutrients your body needs.


Dehydration can also contribute to gum disease. When you are dehydrated, your mouth produces less saliva, which can lead to dry mouth. Dry mouth creates an environment that is conducive to bacterial growth, which can lead to gum disease.

To prevent dehydration, make sure you are drinking plenty of water throughout the day. Aim for at least eight glasses of water per day, and more if you exercise or spend time in hot weather.

Nutrient-Poor Diets

Finally, nutrient-poor diets can also contribute to gum disease. A diet that is high in processed foods, saturated fats, and added sugars can lead to poor overall health, including poor oral health. A diet that is low in nutrients can weaken the immune system. Unfortunately, this can make it more difficult for the body to fight off infections like gum disease.

To prevent gum disease, focus on a nutrient-rich diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. This will help to support overall health and reduce your risk of gum disease.